Jesus Christ and the Church in the Old Testament: Typology Charts

by Joe Aboumoussa

  • “Then beginning with Moses and all the prophets, he interpreted to them what referred to him in all the scriptures.” Luke 24:27
  • “…the law has only a shadow of the good things to come…” Hebrews 10:1 (cf.  Hebrews 8:5; 1 Corinthians 10:1-6; Galatians 4:24).
  • “The New Testament lies hidden in the Old and the Old Testament is unveiled in the New.” – St. Augustine

Stay tuned for additional content.

1. The Temptations of Adam & Eve vs the Temptations of Christ

2. Noah and Flood Prefigure Christ, the Cross, Baptism, and the Church
3. The Tower of Babel’s Disunity Is Healed by the Unity of Christ’s Temple 

4. Melchizedek’s Priestly Offering Prefigures Jesus’ Offering of Bread & Wine (Body & Blood)

5. Abraham & Isaac Prefigure the Son’s Obedience Unto Death & Eventual Resurrection
6. The Life, Suffering, & Glorification of Joseph Prefigures Christ’s Paschal Mystery

7. Moses & Passover Prefigure the Jesus as Pioneer / Savior; Priest / Victim

8. The Bronze Serpent on a Pole Prefigures Christ Pinning Sin / Death to the Cross 
9. Water from the Sinai Rock Prefigures Baptism into Christ & Sharing the Holy Spirit
10. Joshua Leading Israel through the Jordan to the Promised Land Prefigures Baptism

11. Priestly Sacrifice in Leviticus Prefigures Jesus’ Priestly Action in the Mass